Friday, 28 December 2018

76th birthday of Stanley Macebuh

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

SPARK of enduring Biafran creative energy! 

Celebrated cultural and literary critic and executive editor of The Guardian, Lagos, Nigeria, beginning February 1983, when he embarks on the  radical transformation of the focus and scope and qualitative threshold of journalism practice not seen in Africa’s southwestcentral region in 50 years – since the edifying standard set for post-(European)conquest Africa journalism by Nnamdi Azikiwe, political scientist, academic, poet, journalist, multiform entrepreneur, leader in Igbo vanguard role in the drive for restoration of independence for the African peoples and states in this region (mid-1930s-October 1960) which the British conquest and occupation had contemptuously called “Nigeria”… 

BIAFRA is on the way back to continue the liberatory project disrupted so viciously by this longest genocide in contemporary history: to teach basic lessons on resolve and competence, to overcome challenges, to exercise transformative initiatives, to affirm life, African life, as sacrosanct, particularly given 52 years of  Fulani islamist/jihadist-controlled genocidist Nigeria and its (especially) Yoruba/Edo/Hausa/Urhobo/Nupe/Edo/Tiv allies’ programmed savagery to destroy the lives of 50 million Igbo people.
(Max Roach Quartet, “Speak, Brother, Speak!” [sides I and II; personnel: Roach, drums; Clifford Jordan, tenor saxophone; Mal Waldron, piano; Eddie Khan, bass; recorded live, The Jazz Workshop, San Francisco, US, 27 October 1962])

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author, with Lakeson Okwuonichaof Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Tuesday, 25 December 2018

98th birthday of Michael Okpara

(Born 25 December 1920, Umuahia, Biafra)

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

PHYSICIAN and irrepressible advocate of harnessing Africa’s vast agricultural resource potential as launch base to embark on far-reaching societal transformation; head of pre-military junta 15 January 1966 east region Nigeria government then home to Africa’s most resourceful and dynamic economy en route to emerging as a major manufacturing and industrial power in its own right but for the catastrophe of the Igbo genocide, 29 May 1966-12 January, when the quintessentially indolent and anti-African Fulani islamist/jihadist-led Nigeria and its suzerain state Britain murdered 3.1 million Igbo people in this foundational genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa; 52 years on, the Biafra freedom movement, on the cusp of the restoration of Biafra sovereignty, can’t wait to resume the construction of the state and societal transformative project of the Michael Okpara legacy and its consequential impact on the African World and the rest of the globe
(Booker Little Sextet, “We speak” [personnel: Little, trumpet; Julian Priester, trombone; Eric Dolphy, alto saxophone; Don Friedman, piano; Art Davis, bass; Max Roach, drums; recorded: Nola’s Penthouse Studios, New York, 17 March 1961])

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author, with Lakeson Okwuonichaof Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

87th birthday of Uzo Egonu

(Born 25 December 1931, Onicha, Biafra)
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

ONE OF African World’s multifaceted and most distinguished painters: his evocative landmark Exodus (1970) captures the devastating aftermath of phase-I of the Igbo genocide, perpetrated by Fulani islamist/jihadist-led Nigeria and its co-genocidist state Britain, 29 May 1966-4 January 1967, as nearly 2 million Igbo who survive this initial slaughter in the north region and elsewhere in Nigeria stream home before the subsequent phases (II & III: 5 January 1967-5 July 1967, 6 July 1967-12 January 1970, respectively) when the genocidists effect a comprehensive range of landaerial and naval blockade of Biafra, unprecedented in Africa, and murder a total of 3 million people therein by 12 January 1970; beginning on 13 January 1970, the genocidists launch phase-IV of the genocide as they simultaneously embark on the occupation of Biafra ... genocide continues unrelentingly
(For Biafra: ... Uzo EgonuExodus [1970])
(Don Cherry Quartet, “Art deco” [personnel: Cherry, pocket trumpet; James Clay, tenor saxophone; Charlie Haden, bass; Billy Higgins, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US, 27/28/30 August 1988])

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author, with Lakeson Okwuonichaof Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Saturday, 22 December 2018

125th birthday of Chancellor Williams

(Born 22 December 1893, Bennettsville, South Carolina, US)
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

DISTINGUISHED historian and sociologistprolific author including the authoritative tome, The Destruction of Black Civilization: The Great Issue of a Race between 4500BC and 2000AD (1974) – It would appear that Chancellor Williams has the Igbo genocide poignantly in mind particularly as he writes the very distressing lines in his illustrious study (see quote from p. 218 below) of Africans trained by conqueror-European World occupation forces in Africa to murder other Africans so ruthlessly… 

In the past 51 years, beginning on 29 May 1966, Fulani islamist/jihadists in British-contrived Nigeria, fully supported in the campaign by an assemblage of African constituent nations such as the Yoruba, Edo, Kanuri, Hausa, Urhobo, Tiv and Nupe especially, have been trained and feverishly equipped militarily by their bature/oyinbo massa British overlords to slaughter 3.1 million Igbo people in Biafra (29 May 1966-12 January 1970, phases I-III) and tens of thousands more subsequently (13 January 1970-present day [22 December 2018], phase IV) in this foundational, most gruesome, and most devastating genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa… 

THE genocide continues unrelentingly and the immanently hate-driven perpetrators wage this crime against humanity on every conceivable contour of Igbo political, social, economic existence…
Chancellor Williams, The Destruction of Black Civilization: The Great Issue of a Race between 4500BC and 2000AD (Chicago: Third World, new edition, 1995), 345pp, pbk, US$12.43/£12.99:
Now the shadows lengthened. The Europeans had also been busily building up and training strong African armies. Africans trained to hate, kill and conquer Africans. Blood of Africans was to sprinkle and further darken the pages of their history … Indeed, Africa was conquered for the Europeans by the Africans [themselves], and thereafter kept under [conquest] control by African police and African soldiers. Very little European blood was ever spilled. (The Destruction of Black Civilization, p. 218)
(John Coltrane Sextet, “Out of this world” [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone; Donald Garrett, clarinet, bass; Pharoah Sanders, tenor saxophone; McCoy Tyner, piano; Jimmy Garrison, bass; Elvin Jonesdrums; recorded: live at Penthouse Jazz Club, Seattle, US, 30 September 1965])

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author, with Lakeson Okwuonichaof Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Friday, 21 December 2018

69th birthday of Thomas Sankara

(Born 21 December 1949, Yako, Burkina Faso)
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

Military commander, historian, and head of state of Burkina Faso, 4 August 1983-15 October 1987, when he leads a transformative government in “post”-(European)conquest Africa which demonstrates, overwhelmingly with indelible successes, just as the resourceful Biafran resistance had breathtakingly inaugurated this breakthrough on the Africa continental scene during the Igbo genocide, 29 May 1966-12 January 1970, phases I-III, that the engine of societal development is located internally, in the people, themselves – not the prevailing and pervasive fraudulent developmentalism unleashed on Africa in the 1960s by the same France, Britain/other lead European World conqueror-states that had for 400 years enslaved, dispersed, occupied and immiserised Africa and its peoples; thus, Thomas Sankara’s and Biafra’s historic liberatory legacies of transformative outreaches emanating internally, not externally, forged so tenaciously, constitute contemporary Africa’s freedom path to the restoration of unfettered independence from continuing European World seizure via the latter’s imposition of local client states and overseers (for instance, the Fulani islamist/jihadist-led notorious Nigeria genocidist and kakistocratic state), enhanced expropriation, and hardly disguised impunity
(Jackie McLean Quintet, “Hootnan” [personnel: McLean, alto saxophone; Charles Tolliver, trumpet; Bobby Hutcherson, vibraphone; Cecil McBee, bass; Billy Higgins, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US, 16 September 1964])

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author, with Lakeson Okwuonichaof Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Wednesday, 19 December 2018

143rd birthday of Carter G Woodson

(Born 19 December 1875, New Canton, Va, United States)
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

Historian, journalist, versatile educator and inaugurator of the “African World History Month”, now a very important fixture in the annual calendar in several regions of the African World, outside Africa, and who, whilst researching the nature of the education of African Americans in the 1930s, concludes on the following consequences on someone, anyone, being controlled and defined by an agency outside their own centre of being, an observation as salient as ever, 80 years on (Woodson, Mis-Education, 2010: 48):
IF YOU can control a [person’s] thinking, you don’t have to worry about [their] action. If you can determine what a [person] thinks you do not have to worry about what [they] will do. If you can make a [person] believe that [they are] inferior, you don’t have to compel [them] to seek an inferior status [for they] will do so without being told and if you can make a [person] believe that [they are] justly an outcast, you don’t have to order [them] to the back door. [They] will go to the back door on [their] own and if there is no back door, the very nature of the [person] will demand that you build one [for them]. (added emphasis)
(Charles Mingus Quartet, “All the things you could be by now if Sigmund Freuds wife is your mother” [personnel: Mingus, bass; Ted Curson, trumpet; Eric Dolphy, alto saxophone; Dannie Richmond, drums; recorded: Nola Penthouse Sound Studios, New York, US, 20 October 1960]) 

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author, with Lakeson Okwuonichaof Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Tuesday, 18 December 2018

Biafra-Britain relations: Abstract

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

THERE IS DEFINITELY no subject in these past 52 years, i.e., since the 29 May 1966 Anglo-Nigeria launch date of the Igbo genocide, this foundational genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa, in which the critical institutions of the British state (including, particularly, academia, media, church) have all converged, unproblematically, to support as the perpetration of the Igbo genocide. Igbo independence is in fact anathema to Britain ( Without this robust British involvement, the field/on-the-ground Fulani islamist/jihadist-led génocidaires in Nigeria, this brazenly indolent and sleazy anti-African peoples’ grouping immanently obsequious to the diktats of its bature overlords, cannot continue to commit this crime against humanity much longer – definitely, not beyond a few weeks. The restoration of Igbo independence will surely inaugurate a strategic reordering of Biafra-Britain relations across the board which will have far-reaching consequences on the rest of the African World and elsewhere.
(John Coltrane Quartet, “Sun ship” [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone, McCoy Tyner, piano; Jimmy Garrison, bass;  Elvin Jones, drums; recorded: Impulse!, New York, US,  26 August 1965])

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author, with Lakeson Okwuonichaof Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Monday, 17 December 2018

101st birthday of Kenneth Onwuka Dike

(Born 17 December 1917, Oka, Biafra)
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

HISTORIAN, okaa amaludoyen of the Reconstructionary School of African Historical Studies in the aftermath of 400 years of the pan-European enslavement, dispersal, conquest and occupation of the African World: lays the foundation of this restoration of the African as subject and agency in history in the 1956 publication of his classic, Trade and Politics in the Niger Delta, 1830-1885; inaugurates a stretch of an encompassing African peoples’ heritage archive and becomes the first African vice-chancellor (president/rector) of the University of Ibadan, and later, May 1966-January 1970, travels the world as one of the envoys of eminent and resolute Biafra resistance intellectuals who campaigns tirelessly against the Igbo genocide (phases I-III) waged by Fulani islamist/jihadist-led Nigeria and its suzerain state Britain, under the premiership of Harold Wilson, in which 3.1 million Igbo people, 25 per cent of this nation’s population, are murdered between 29 May 1966 and 12 January 1970 in this foundational genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa.

THE Igbo genocide continues unrelentingly (phase-IV, launched on 13 January 1970) and the genocidists have murdered tens of thousands of additional Igbo during this phase – including the 3000 murdered since October 2015 whilst Nigeria has been run by génocidaire Muhammadu Buhari, a fiendish operative in this campaign since July 1966. Buhari was imposed on Nigeria as head of regime in March 2015 by ex-British Prime Minister David Cameron and ex-US President Barack Hussein Obama, the first African-descent president of the United States in 233 years of the founding of the republic. Professor Dike would be most horrified by Obama’s support of the Igbo genocide.
(Eric Dolphy Quartet, “Softly as in a morning sunrise” [personnel: Dolphy, bass clarinet; Herbie Hancock, piano; Eddie Khan, bass; JC Moses, drums; recorded: live, University of Illinoi, 10 March 1963])
*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author of African Literature in Defence of History: An essay on Chinua Achebe (2001) and author, with Lakeson Okwuonichaof Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Friday, 14 December 2018

Mmuo Biafra, Igbo genocide, Britain, Brexit and retributive justice

(THERESA MAY“restore ... our self determination”) 
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

SUCCESSIVE British governments since 29 May 1966, beginning with the one led by Harold “[W]ould-accept-half-a-million-dead-Biafrans-if-that-was-what-it-[T]ook” Wilson, have, in strategic alliance with the coterie of African constituent nations in Nigeria (particularly Fulani, Yoruba, Kanuri, Urhobo, Bachama, Tiv, Hausa, Nupe, Edo) waged the Igbo genocide most unrelentingly, most gruesomely…


The current British government is tellingly incapable to negotiate a simple exit from the European Union (organisation Britain joined voluntarily, not forced into, in 1973) as demanded by the majority “yes”-voters of the country’s June 2016 referendum. For Britain, the humiliating narrative that characterises these Brexit talks in Brussels is palpable. Despite Prime Minister Theresa May’s ringing pledge that Brexit is the British decision to “restore ... our self-determination” (“Prime Ministers letter to Donald Tusk on the triggering of article, 29 March 2017,,
accessed 29 March 2017), the EU is offering Britain “exit terms” from the league that are structurally not dissimilar from that infamous Lancaster House fake-independence/fraudulent freedom template that Britain foisted on African restoration-of-independence movements in its occupied states across the continent – from the Sudan/Ghana (mid-1950s) to Zimbabwe (late 1979/early 1980). 

It is precisely this unlikely equivalence of two seemingly unrelated tracks of history that has prompted Boris Johnson, ex-British foreign secretary, ex-mayor of London, journalist, and essayist who has often relished in his writings demonising peoples (particularly Africans) conquered over the last 350 years by Britain, to now proclaim, so ironically, that the current “Brexit deal” from the EU reduces Britain to a “vassalage, satrapy, colony” (Andrew Woodcock, “Boris Johnson: Theresa Mays Brexit plan makes UK a ‘colony’, The Scotsman, Edinburgh, 26 July 2018,, accessed 28 July 2018)!

HAS the comeuppance that has vividly struck a number of the countries besides, obviously, Nigeria (e.g. Soviet Union, Egypt, Algeria, the Sudan, Cameroon, German Democratic Republic, Guinea-Conakry, Syria) and several lead génocidaires (e.g. Obafemi Awolowo, Harold Wilson, Hafez al-Assad, Muhammadu Buhari, Barack Hussein ObamaHosni Mubarak, Muhammadu Shuwa, Ahmadou Ahidjo, Ibrahim Taiwo, David Cameron, Olusegun Obasanjo, Murtala Muhammed) who have been involved in the murder of Igbo people these past 52 years finally hit Britain?

Biafran freedom and justice

If ever there was any doubt, the evidence, so far, demonstrates the contrary – namely, that no one, no agency, murders 3.1 million and additional tens of thousands of Igbo children, women and men (including the 3000 murdered so far since November 2015 by fiendish génocidaire Muhammadu Buhari who was imposed in office by ex-US President Barack Hussein Obama, the first African descent president in 233 years of the founding of the United States republic) in this foundational genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa and walks away free...  Apart from the now 50 million Igbo survivors, the 3.1 million and the additional tens of thousands are individually and collectively involved in the current historic Biafran resilient quest for freedom and justice...  

AND Biafra will get this freedom and justice. Undoubtedly.
(John Coltrane Quartet, “Consequences” – 4th movement in First Meditations {for Quartet} [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone; McCoy Tyner, piano; Jimmy Garrison, bass; Elvin Jonesdrums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US, 2 November 1965])

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author, with Lakeson Okwuonicha, of Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018) and author of Readings from Reading: Essays in African Politics, Genocide, Literature (2011) 

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Monday, 10 December 2018

Emmanuel Macron’s latest show tangle

(Emmanuel Macron: ... le farain)

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

AFTER French President Emmanuel Macron, le farain, capitulated to the “yellow vest” protesters in the country, it is now time to clean up, to rebuild the expansive infrastructure and other property that the Paris demonstrators have torched, have smashed up, in the past few days…

Q: But where does Macron get the money to fund this huge reconstruction exercise?

A: Well, straight from the special African peoples’ finance reserves lodged in that account in the Paris bank! (see essay at link below): 

(Andrew Hill Quintet, “Legacy” [personnel: Hill, piano; Cecil McGee, bass; Joe Chambers, drums; Renaud Simmonds, conga, Nadi Qamar, percussion, African drums, thumb piano; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, 8 October 1965]) 

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author of Readings from Reading: Essays in African Politics, Genocide, Literature (2011) and author, with Lakeson Okwuonicha, of Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Sunday, 9 December 2018

54th anniversary of the recording of John Coltrane’s classic, A Love Supreme

(Recorded 9 Dec 1964, Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US)

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

A Love Supreme, a suite in four parts (“Acknowledgement”, “Resolution”, “Pursuance”, “Psalm”), is played here by the John Coltrane Quartet (personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone; McCoy Tyner, piano; Jimmy Garrison, bass; Elvin Jones, drums)

John Coltrane Quartet
(John Coltrane: tenor saxophone)
(McCoy Tyner: piano)
(Jimmy Garrison: bass)
(Elvin Jones: drums)

A Love Supreme
pt. I “Acknowledgement”
pt. II “Resolution”
pt. III “Pursuance”
 pt. IV “Psalm”


Saturday, 8 December 2018

Year 52: Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu’s response to that December 1966 British government’s invitation to a conference on a British frigate off the Bight of Biafra

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

IN December 1966, prior to the historic 4-5 January 1967 African-initiated Aburi (Ghana) summit, Biafra’s General Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu turned down a British-sponsored “conference of mediation” that would involve all surviving members of the pre-Igbo genocide Nigeria’s supreme military council on board a British frigate, off the Bight of Biafra, in which the British would chair. The Biafran leader could not accept the presumption of “neutrality” or “even-handedness” inherent in London’s invitation to host such a summit, considering Britain’s instrumental role in the Igbo genocide since the weeks and months leading to the outbreak on Sunday 29 May 1966, especially its work with the Yakubu Gowon-Yakubu Danjuma-Murtala Muhammed genocidist cells in the Nigeria military, the north region Fulani islamist/jihadist emirs and, pivotally, staff and students at the Ahmadu Bello University, the epicentre of the planning and execution of the genocide.

FURTHERMORE, Ojukwu, the historian, could not have ignored the lessons of a similar event in the 19th century, 1887. Then, King Jaja of Igwe Nga (Opobo), the Igbo nationalist monarch opposed to British territorial aggression and expansionism along the Atlantic coast of Biafra, was kidnapped by the British navy and exiled to the Caribbean island of St Vincent after accepting, in good faith, a British offer of “peace talks” on board a British naval vessel berthed off the Igwe Nga shores – Bight of Biafra.
(John Coltrane Quartet, “Slow blues” [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone; McCoy Tyner, piano; Jimmy Garrison, bass; Elvin Jones, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US, 6 March 1963)

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author of Biafra Revisited (2006) and author, with Lakeson Okwuonicha, of Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Thursday, 29 November 2018

103rd birthday of Billy Strayhorn

(Born 29 November 1915, Dayton, Ohio, US)
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

RENOWNED composer, pianist and arranger whose near 30 years (1938-1967) of collaborative work with composer, pianist and bandleader Duke Ellington has been the focus of expansive recordings, research and publications
(Charles Mingus Sextet, featuring Eric Dolphy, plays the Billy Strayhorn classic, “Take the ‘A’ train” [Mingus, bass; Johnny Coles, trumpet; Dolphy, bass clarinet; Clifford Jordan, tenor saxophone; Jaki Byard, piano; Dannie Richmond, drums; recorded: live, University Aula, Oslo, 12 April 1964])
(Joe Henderson Quintet plays the Billy Strayhorn classic, “Johnny come lately” [personnel: Henderson, tenor saxophone; Wynton Marsalis, trumpet; Stephen Scott, piano; Christian McBride, bass; Gregory Hutchinson, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewood, Cliffs, NJ, US,  3-8 September 1991])
(John Coltrane Quintet plays the Billy Strayhorn classic, “Lush life” [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone; Donald Bryd, trumpet; Red Garland, piano; Paul Chambers, bass; Louis Hayes, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Hackensack, NJ, US, 10 January 1958)

112th birthday of the venerable Akanu Ibiam

(Born 29 November 1906, Unwana, Biafra)
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

AFFABLE physician, erudite theologian, principled statesperson, works for 30 years in the Church of Scotland/Presbyterian Church rural medical programme in central and east regions of Biafra and who, in August 1967, returns to Queen Elizabeth II of England the three insignias of knighthood (OBEKBEKCMG) conferred on him by both her and her father, King George VI,  in protest against the instrumental role being played by Britain in the perpetration of the Igbo genocide, the foundational genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa, when it and its Fulani islamist/jihadist-led client state Nigeria murder 3.1 million Igbo people, 25 per cent of this nation’s population, between 29 May 1966 and 12 January 1970, phases I-III of the genocide. This genocide, phase-IV, continues unabated since 13 January 1970. The Anglo-Nigerian genocidists have murdered tens of thousands of Igbo during this period.
Dr Ibiam’s towering position against the Igbo genocide is a challenge particularly to those clusters of the Igbo intelligentsia, especially in the diaspora, who have exercised a mortifying silence over the existential emergency that the Igbo face, currently, as the genocidists pursue phase-IV of the slaughtering… 

It is also a reminder of how deeply embedded British involvement in the execution of the genocide is as shown in that historic August 1967 letter of Dr Ibiam’s to Queen Elizabeth II in which he renounces the awarded 3-set knighthood from the English crown (see excerpts of letter below) and illustrated further by the calculated indifference of the Church of England, markedly its present leadership, to the genocide. 

Church of England

SINCE NOVEMBER 2015, during the course of the notorious génocidaire Muhammadu Buhari regime in Nigeria (, imposed on the country by ex-British Prime Minister David Cameron and ex-US President Barack Obama (first African-descent US president in 233 years of the founding of the republic –, 3000 Igbo have been murdered in expanded scorched earth campaigns by its military and adjunct Fulani militia terrorists across Biafra. Sixty per cent of these murders have occurred in Onicha and neighbouring towns and villages, southwest Biafra, which are all located in the Onicha diocese of the Anglican communion, part of the Church of England, one of this denomination’s largest population districts in the world. Neither the Church of England nor its head, Justin Welby, the archbishop of Canterbury, who has known Muhammadu Buhari personally since the former enjoyed an exponentially-lucrative post working for French oil company Elf Aquitaine in the early 1980s in the petroleum oil industry in Biafra’s Oshimili Delta, has condemned any of these Igbo slaughters of the past three years or offered public condolences to the aggrieved and traumatised Anglican communion congregants... 

(paragraphs 14-20 of Dr Ibiam’s letter to Queen Elizabeth II of England, August 1967)


YOUR MAJESTY, the British officials in Nigeria are fully aware of all these. They know that we are injured and deeply grieved people and had been cruelly treated by our erstwhile fellow citizens of Federal Republic of Nigeria. The British officials not only knew the crux of the matter, but they also encouraged Northern Nigeria to carry out and execute their nefarious plan against us. They are angry with Biafra because Biafra categorically refused to remain as part of the Nigeria federation and political unit only to be trampled upon, discriminated against and hated, ruthlessly exploited and denied her rights and privileges, and slaughtered whenever it suited the whims and caprices of the favoured people of Northern Nigeria. To add insult to injury, Your Majesty’s Britannic Government, instead of being neutral in our quarrels or finding ways and means to mediate and bring peace to the two countries, has now taken it upon herself to supply military aid to Nigeria to help them defeat and subjugate Biafra.

It is simply staggering for a Christian country like Britain to help a Moslem country militarily to crush another Christian country like Biafra. This is just too much for me, Your Gracious Majesty, this act of unfriendliness and treachery by the British Government towards the people of Republic of Biafra who, as Eastern Nigerians, had so much regard for Britain and British people.

In the circumstance, Your Majesty, I no longer wish to wear the garb of the British Knighthood. British fair play, British justice, and the Englishman’s word of honour which Biafra loved so much and cherished have become meaningless to Biafrans in general and to me in particular. Christian Britain has shamelessly let down Christian Biafra.

I love the Republic of Biafra very dearly and pray that, by grace of God, she may remain and continue to grow and live and always act like a truly Christian country for all times.

I am, your Majesty

Yours Most Respectfully

(John Coltrane Quintet, “The believer” {composer: McCoy Tyner} [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone; Donald Bryd, trumpet; Red Garland, piano; Paul Chambers, bass; Louis Hayes, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Hackensack, NJ, US, 10 January 1958)

*****Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe is the author of Biafra Revisited (2006) and author, with Lakeson Okwuonicha, of Why Donald Trump is great for Africa (2018)

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe