Friday, 29 April 2016

117th birthday of Duke Ellington

(Born 29 April 1899, Washington, DC, United States)
Pianist and bandleader and one of the preeminent composers of the 20th century
(1. Three masters at work: Duke Ellington Trio, “Fleurette Africaine” {“African flower”} [personnel: Ellington, piano; Charles Mingus, bass; Max Roach, drums; recorded: Sound Makers Studios, New York, US, 17 September 1962)])
(2. Three masters at work: Duke Ellington Trio, “Warm valley” [personnel: Ellington, piano; Mingus, bass; Roach, drums; recording and other details as in“1”  above])
(3. Three masters at work: Duke Ellington Trio, “Money jungle” [personnel: Ellington, piano; Mingus, bass; Roach, drums; recording and other details as in “1” above])
 Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe


Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

The world turns and the world changes,
But one thing does not change.
In all my years, one thing does not change,
However you disguise it, this thing does not change:
The perpetual struggle between Good and Evil.
(TS Eliot, “Choruses from the Rock”, 1934)

In November 2014, I wrote a speculative commentary entitled “Thinking the unthinkable? Can Boko Haram attack Igboland?” in which I wondered about the possibilities of a direct attack on Biafra by this north Nigeria-based terrorist amalgam ( I concluded the piece by noting that while Boko Haram possessed the capability to carry out such an attack (especially considering the expansive links the organisation has with the Nigeria genocidist military and police) the reason why such an invasion had not yet occurred was “undoubtedly strategic rather than just tactical” (emphasis in the original). Boko Haram has since emerged as the world’s deadliest terrorist organisation (see Institute for Economics & Peace, “Global Terror Index 2015”,, accessed 17 November 2015).

It appears the Muhammadu Buhari islamist regime in Abuja may have reassessed the strategic considerations raised in that commentary and authorised a Boko Haram strike in Biafra to go ahead regardless of the consequences. The Nigerian terrorist attack on the Biafran province of Uzo-Uwani last Monday, 25 April 2016, was carried out by Boko Haram, not Fulani “herdspeople” or, more appropriately, Fulani militants, surely the Haram’s cousins, who are one of the globe’s five most deadly terrorist groups (see IEP’s study already cited). On the contrary, the Fulani “herdspeople” and their cows in Uzo-Uwani had been withdrawn the previous day (Sunday the 24th) and headed back north to their homeland to pave the way for the Boko Haram invasion.

Two hundred (200) Biafran children, women and men asleep were murdered by the terrorists in this premeditated military-style assault, begun shortly after 4am, fully armed with AK47 rifles, grenades, generously stacked ammunition and explosives – attacking homes, churches, schools, shops, markets…

The islamist terrorists attacked Uzo-Uwani with the same motivation, precision and virulence that an ISIS (less deadly record than Boko Haram [again, see IEP’s study]) terrorist unit would effect whilst attacking the Charlie Hebdo editorial board meeting in Paris, France, or attacking a Jewish supermarket in Paris or a rock concert in Paris or attacking an airport terminal in Brussels, Belgium, or attacking a metro train in Brussels or attacking a Tunis (Tunisia) hotel full of mostly British tourists… These latter attacks solicited appropriated responses (particularly invoking natural law, right of self-defence) from the targeted publics and the blood-soaked regime in Abuja can be in no doubt that the Igbo are fully conversant with their rights and responsibilities. Ironically, the two key foreign states that imposed islamist Muhammadu Buhari as Nigeria’s head of regime in March 2015, Britain and the United States, have the scourge of islamist terrorism as the current principal threat to their respective national security as the islamist genocidist regime in Abuja constitutes an existential threat to Igbo people. Just as Britain and the United States vow to defeat islamist terrorism, Biafra will defeat islamist genocidist jihadism.  

I have not been able to publish here any of the raft of still pictures/videos of the Uzo-Uwani massacre that have been posted on the internet because of the sheer horror of the carnage. It is indeed indescribable savagery … revoltingly unspeakable sadistic savagery … The islamist terrorists were transported to Uzo-Uwani in buses from their bases in the Benue valley in eastcentral Nigeria, 100-150 miles away north of Biafra, and had crossed the innumerable military/police checkpoints that envelope all land route approaches to occupied-Biafra from Nigeria ( In other words, checkpoints’ genocidist troopers flagged through the terrorists to their gruesome southbound-mission to Uzo-Uwani at dawn on Monday and later flagged the murderers through northbound back to their Benue bases soon after mission-accomplishment, four hours later… In the final scene of this carefully choreographed clockwork orgy of bloodbath, overseeing/coordinating genocidist troopers positioned in the region then moved into Uzo-Uwani soon after Boko Haram’s withdrawal at mid-morning from its murder scene, and began to “patrol” the district.

On the eve of the 50th anniversary of the launch of phase-I of the Igbo genocide (29 May 2016) by Nigeria and Britain, the islamist regime in Nigeria has now added “Fulani-‘herdspeople’-and-their cows” as a crucial component to its death strategy in its campaign to annihilate Igbo people. A cardinal feature of the strategy is to swap or switch around murderers from the Boko Haram and Fulani militant adjunct forces at its disposal under the overarching command of “regular” genocidist military and police who, in addition, remain free to murder Biafran freedom movement demonstrators as has been the case since November 2015 (

Uzo-Uwani duly inaugurated this new strategy compendium. With the Boko Haram bestialising murder of 200 Igbo ensconced in their beds and the vandalising destruction of the people’s property and spiritual and sociocultural institutions, all within a timeframe of just four hours, the islamist regime must feel highly elated at this initial grisly outcome. But the attack and outcome are intrinsically cowardly and scream of desperation. Muhammadu Buhari and all those in this strategy of death must now know that they cannot destroy Igbo resistance to this longest genocide in recent human history: 3.1 million and more and more over the past 50 years, Igbo have survived and will build an advanced state in this southwestcentral Africa that will reinforce the crucible of the enormous human capacity to triumph against evil.

As the Igbo formulate appropriate programmes to ensure self-defence for the people, especially for those who live in the border regions, there are other urgent steps that they must embark upon, right away, in response to this “Fulani-‘herdspeople’-and-their-cows” strategy:

1. All Fulani “herdspeople and cows” must now leave all Biafra territory, east and west of the Oshimili River.

2. Igbo must henceforth boycott all beef and beef products emanating from the Fulani including, especially, those marketed throughout Biafra. Repeat: Don’t buy Fulani beef for either home consumption for self or family or for commercial purposes e.g. in cafés, hotels or restaurants. In the wake of Uzo-Uwani, islamist Fulani beef is toxic, not fit for purpose. The red-line has been crossed. For every one pound weight of islamist Fulani beef/beef product purchased by a Biafran, the latter adds approximately one British-pound sterling equivalent to the islamist Fulani genocidist treasury that enables the jihadist to purchase the next AK47, the next clutch of grenades, the next suicide belt, the next cache of explosives, and plan the next Uzo-Uwani style attack on Biafra. One must never be a party to their own annihilation. The knock-on effect of this immediate boycott is that the Fulani “herdspeople” will have no other realistic choice but withdraw their “cows” from Biafra when no longer able to be “sold” for beef/beef products, at once blowing the cover of the genocidists advance territorial occupying-positioning for the envisaged jihadist take-over.

3. All Igbo in the diaspora in Nigeria especially those living in Lagos/west Nigeria and in the Abuja region must join in this “Don’t buy Fulani beef for either home consumption for self or family or for commercial purposes e.g. in cafés, hotels or restaurants” immediately. No Igbo person is exempt from participating in this historic response.

4. It is now a challenge to Biafran livestock/animal husbandry farmers and experts to expand the growth and management of efi-Igbo to offset any loss in beef availability from this boycott. Given the expected specialist skill availability, Biafra can establish beef self-sufficiency within five years and embark on exporting the product to other parts of Africa and the world. In the meantime, people can turn to sheep, goat, chicken and fish for their protein requirement.

5. All adult Biafrans in the liberal-democratic spaces of abode in the Americas, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere should, as a matter of urgency, compile a dossier of the Uzo-Uwani savagery and the other murders of Biafrans by the islamist genocidist military since November 2015 ( brief their members of parliament/congresspeople/senators/deputies/prime ministers/presidents… Similarly, these adult Biafrans should present such dossier to their parish priest/pastor and district/provincial/regional bishop and archbishop… 

6. In the wake of Uzo-Uwani, each and every Biafran has a personal, individual role to act. The least is: inform someone, inform everyone. Muhammadu Buhari and his ilk cannot escape the tribunal to account for the Igbo genocide, this most gruesome genocide in Africa and one of the worst ever recorded across the world. There is no statute of limitations in international law in the pursuit, arrest, trial, sentencing and punishment of anyone involved in the perpetuation of the crime of genocide. Reinhold Hanning, 94, is currently on trial in a German court at Detmold for his role as a guard in an Auschwitz death during the Jewish genocide between January 1942 and June 1944 (The Telegraph, London, Friday 29 April 2016). Both Nigeria and joint-ally Britain are signatories to the relevant UN convention on genocide.

7. All adult Biafran woman and man, wherever they live on the planet, should contribute towards the arduous task to reconstructing Uzo-Uwani. This task begins today. People should contact community and church leaders on the ground in Uzo-Uwani and discuss how and where they can support this enormous rebuilding. No offer for Uzo-Uwani must be made via the quisling region regime in Enuugwu which failed monstrously to stand firmly by the people during last Monday’s islamists’ slaughtering of innocents.
(John Coltrane Sextet, “Consequences”, part-IV of the five-part suite Meditations [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone, percussion, Pharoah Sanders, tenor saxophone, tambourine, bells; McCoy Tyner, piano; Jimmy Garrison, bass; Elvin Jones, drums; Rashied Ali, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US, 23 November 1965])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Thursday, 28 April 2016

85th birthday of Chukwuemeka Ike

(28 April 1931, Ndikelionwu, Biafra)
Novelist, university registrar, academic, Africa west region principal pre-college qualifying examination board (WAEC) administrator, one of the leading intellectuals in defence of the people during the Igbo genocide, 29 May 1966-12 January 1970

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

80th birthday of John Tchicai

(Born 28 April 1936, Copenhagen, Denmark)
Ingenious alto (and tenor) saxophonist, composer, bandleader
(The New York Contemporary Five plays Bill Dixon’s composition, “Trio” [personnel: Archie Shepp, tenor saxophone; Don Cherry, pocket trumpet;  Tchicai, alto saxophone; Don Moore, bass; JC Moses, drums; recorded: live, Jazzhus Montmarte, Copenhagen, Denmark, 15 November 1963][note particularly Tchicai’s ethereal solo - first - at this session])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Monday, 25 April 2016

99th birthday of Ella Fitzgerald

(Born 25 April 1917, Newport News, Virginia, US)
Celebrated vocalist with a phenomenal vocal range and an illustrious recording career spanning six decades
(Ella Fitzgerald and the Tee Carson Trio, “Summertime” [personnel: Fitzgerald, vocals; Carson, piano; Ketter Betts, bass; Joe Harris, drums; recorded: live, Deutschlandhalle, Berlin, Germany, 11 February 1968])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Sunday, 24 April 2016

79th birthday of Joe Henderson

(Born 24 April 1937, Lima, Ohio, US)
Prodigiously influential tenor saxophonist, one of the leading lights of the instrument in the jazz repertoire underscored so classically with his The State of the Tenor: Live at the Village Vanguard, Vols. I & II (1985)
(Joe Henderson Trio, “Serenity” [personnel: Henderson, tenor saxophone; Charlie Haden, bass; Al Foster, drums; recorded: live, Genova jazz festival, Villa Imperiale, Italy, 9 July 1987])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

88th birthday of Johnny Griffin

(Born 24 April 1928, Chicago, US)
Very distinguished tenor saxophonist, composer, bandleader
(Thelonious Monk Quartet, “In walked Bud” [personnel: Monk, piano; Griffin, tenor saxophone; Ahmed Abdul-Malik, bass; Roy Haynes, drums; recorded: live, Five Spot Café, New York, US, 7 August 1958])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

On the eve of this 50th anniversary ... SALUTE to intellectuals who worked tirelessly in defence of the people during the beginning of this most catastrophic epoch in Igbo history – Igbo genocide phases I-III, 29 May 1966-12 January 1970, perpetrated by Nigeria and Britain

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu     Flora Nwapa     Louis Mbanefo     Chinua Achebe     Christopher Okigbo     Michael Echeruo     Ifeagwu Eke     SJ Cookey     Sam Mbakwe     Janet Mokelu   Obiora Udechukwu     Uche Chukwumerije     Kalu Ezera     Philip Efiong    Kamene Okonjo   Ignatius Kogbara     Alvan Ikoku     Celestine Okwu           Benedict Obumselu     Donatus Nwoga     NU Akpan     Adiele Afigbo     Michael Okpara     Chukwuka Okonjo     Akanu Ibiam     Bede Okigbo     Okoko Ndem     Agwu Okpanku     Tim Onwuatuegwu     Chudi Sokei     Pol Ndu     Ben Gbulie      Boniface Ofokaja     Chuks Ihekaibeya     Conrad Nwawo     Dennis Osadebe     Osita Osadebe   Eme Awa    Chuba Okadigbo   Okechukwu Ikejiani       Uzo Egonu      Winifred Anuku     Anthony Modebe     Alex Nwokedi   Zeal Onyia   Chukwuedo Nwokolo   Pius Okigbo     Godian Ezekwe     Felix Oragwu    Ogbogu Kalu     Kevin Echeruo     Emmanuel Obiechina   Uche Okeke     Chukwuma Azuonye     Onuora Nzekwu     Chukuemeka Ike     Eddie Okonta     Cyprian Ekwensi   Nkem Nwankwo     John Munonye     Gabriel Okara     Kenneth Onwuka Dike     Eni Njoku   Okechukwu Mezu       William Achukwu       Agwuncha Arthur Nwankwo    Kalu Nsi    Nwafor Orizu   ZC Obi            Anyaogu Elekwachi Ukonu
(Ornette Coleman Quartet, “WRU” {or Wit and its Relation to the Unconscious  Freud} [personnel: Coleman, alto saxophone; Don Cherry, pocket trumpet; Scott LaFaro, bass; Ed Blackwell, drums; recorded: Atlantic Studios, New York, US, 31 January 1961])
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Saturday, 23 April 2016

69th birthday of Ifi Amadiume

(Born 23 April 1947, Kaduna, Nigeria)
Poet and anthropologist, one of the theorists in the early circle of scholars that embarks on the study and transformation of the epistemology of Igbo Women’s Studies inaugurated in the 1960s-1970s by novelist Flora Nwapa and sociologist Kamene Okonjo, author of Male Daughters, Female Husbands (1987), the seminal text that examines the historic dual-gender complementarity and consequential socioeconomic dynamism of pre-(British)conquest Biafra
(Alice Coltrane Quintet, “Blue Nile” [personnel: Coltrane, harp; Joe Henderson, alto flute, Pharoah Sanders, alto flute; Ron Carter, bass; Ben Riley, drums; recorded: Coltrane home studios, Dix Hills, New York, US, 26 January 1970])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Friday, 22 April 2016

94th birthday of Charles Mingus

(Born 22 April 1922, Nogales, Arizona, US)
Outstanding bassist, composer and bandleader whose music encapsulates all the critical junctures of jazz history and his Jazz Workshop a landmark conservatoire of an age
(Charles Mingus Sextet featuring multiinstrumentalist Eric Dolphy plays the Billy Strayhorn classic composition, “Take the ‘A’ train” [Mingus, bass; Johnny Coles, trumpet; Dolphy, bass clarinet; Clifford Jordan, tenor saxophone; Jaki Byard, piano; Dannie Richmond, drums; recorded: live, University Aula, Oslo, 12 April 1964])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

81st birthday of Paul Chambers

(Born 22 May 1935, Pittsburgh, US)
Virtuosic bassist, composer, member of Miles Davis First Great Quintet/Sextet (1955-1963) and subject of salutary, standard compositions by varying artistic colleagues: tenor saxophonist John Coltrane, “Mr P.C.”; tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins, “Paul’s Pal”; pianist Tommy Flanagan, “Big Paul”; pianist Red Garland, “Mr P. C. Blues”; drummer Max Roach, “Five for Paul”
(John Coltrane Quartet featuring Paul Chambers“Walkin’” and “The theme” [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone, Wynton Kelly, piano; Chambers, bass; Jimmy Cobb, drums; recorded: live, German television, Düsseldorf, Germany, 28 March 1960])

Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Thursday, 21 April 2016

Biafran engineering students construct minibus using local material for bachelor’s degree project (Vanguard, Lagos, Thursday 21 April 2016)

(The Biafran septet’s “Autobully”: tenacity)
[report edited from the original filed by Ebele Orakpo – HE-E]

A team of seven Biafran engineering students at the Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Oka, Biafra, has successfully built a minibus for their bachelor’s degree programme. They are Callistus Ezeigwe, Victor Obinani, Chinaza Okoro, Ifeanyi Ezeanolue, Ogbu Ikenna, Fidelis Ominigbo and Nnamdi Nwobodo, and their project supervisor is Chinonso Achebe, a professor of mechanical engineering at the university.

The team, known as the “Autozik Group”, relied mostly on local materials for the construction of the bus which took five months. The bus is named “Autobully”, adapted from the shape of the familiar bullion van. Commenting on the production, Callistus Ezeigwe, the team’s spokesperson states: The bus was constructed from start to finish at the university’s workshop, using all necessary design software and computer-aided design tools. We constructed the chassis, down to every single part of the minibus … We made the mini bus using mere hand tools. This means we did all of the construction and folding with our hands since the university could not provide us with the ground equipment as used in most automobile companies.
(John Coltrane Quartet, “Pursuance”, part-III of the four-part suite of the classic, A Love Supreme [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophone, McCoy Tyner, piano; Jimmy Garrison, bass; Elvin Jones, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US, 9 December 1964])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Wednesday, 20 April 2016

Igbo don’t have to justify their current freedom mission; no one ever does

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

Affirmation vs retrograde formation

Even if the Igbo were not subjected to the cataclysmic genocide of 29 May 1966-12 January 1970, the foundational genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa in which suzerain Britain and its Nigeria client state murdered 3.1 million Igbo or one-quarter of this nation’s population, and the current phase of the genocide that the Muhammadu Buhari regime and its adjunct duo Boko Haram and Fulani militant (erroneously tagged  “Fulani herdspeople” in the media in Nigeria) forces are waging in occupied Biafra, they, the Igbo,  just like any other peoples, have a right to declare themselves free from Nigeria or indeed any other state in Africa they find themselves domiciled if they so wish.

This was precisely why the Igbo didn’t have to offer some justification for its 30 year-old vanguard role (1930s-October 1960) in formally terminating 76 years of the British conquest and occupation of Nigeria, not even to the north region Hausa-Fulani Arabised-islamist political establishment, strategic ally of the occupation opposed to African liberation and progenitor of the prevailing dominant regime forces in Nigeria. No comparable political forces anywhere else in the South World (Africa, Asia, Oceania, the Americas), during this epoch, wanted their lands occupied indefinitely by any of the conqueror pan-European states (Britain, Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain) as this north Nigeria formation. The British aptly “rewarded” the formation with overseeing power, beginning 1 October 1960, to protect Britain’s vast economic interests in Nigeria in perpetuity as well as wage a 50-year-old genocide against one of the most enterprising and progressive nations in Africa. The catastrophe that is Nigeria becomes hugely intelligible in the context of this history. 

Besides, the compositional aftermath of the (European)conqueror/conquered/conquest-state of Africa (Nigeria, Chad, Niger, Central African Republic, the Sudan, the Congo-B, the Congo-K, Guinea-B, Guinea-C, Guinea-E, whatever!) cannot be the basis of the restoration-of-independence for the peoples as this historic right to freedom affirmation rests incontrovertibly on the hitherto conquered constituent African nation or people – Igbo, Bakongo, Wolof, Luo, Ibibio, Darfuri, Gĩkũyũ, Herero, Efik, Akan, Bakongo, Gur, Ijo, Punu, Ovambo, Bamileke...

“To be”
This right to freedom for a people, for all peoples, is inalienable. As I have demonstrated severally on this platform, it is the state, any state, that is transient; definitely, not the people(s) except, of course, they are a target or programmed for genocide by some state(s) or some other agency. No one, no people, therefore, has to offer a reason for being free, for freedom. So, the rather perfunctory remarks, “agitating for Biafra”, “Biafra agitators”, often made by some commentators to highlight the current historic drive of the Biafran freedom movement is ironically an assault on the very essence of this freedom. One doesn’t “agitate” for freedom; they, instead, proclaim it: “I am because I am free; I am free because I am”.
(John Coltrane Quintet,“To be” [personnel: Coltrane, flute; Pharaoh Sanders, flute, piccolo, tambourine; Alice Coltrane, piano; Jimmy Garrison, bass; Rashied Ali, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US, 15 February 1967])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Tuesday, 19 April 2016

95th birthday of Chike Obi

(Born 17 April 1921, Onicha, Biafra)
First mathematics doctorate in Biafra/southwestcentral Africa, rigorous academic and public intellectual, aptly described by theoretical physicist Alexander Obiefoka Animalu as the “foremost African mathematical genius of the 20th century”
(John Coltrane Quartet,  “Equinox” [personnel: Coltrane, tenor saxophoneMcCoy Tyner, piano; Steve Davis, bass; Elvin Jones, drums; recorded: Atlantic Studios, New York, US, 26 October 1960])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

87th birthday of Mariama Bâ

(Born 17 April 1929, Dakar, Sénégal)
Novelist and influential intellectual, author of the seminal So Long a Letter (1981)
(Alice Coltrane Sextet, “Journey in Satchidananda” [personnel: Coltrane, harp; Pharoah Sanders, soprano saxophone, bells; Cecil McBee, bass; Tulsi, tambura; Rashied Ali, drums; Majid Shabazz, tambourine, bells; recorded: Coltrane home studios, Dix Hills, New York, US, 8 November 1970])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Friday, 15 April 2016

86th birthday of Richard Davis

(Born 15 April 1930, Chicago, US)
Percipient bassist and academic, enjoys an expansive recording portfolio as leader and with other artists including, pointedly, collaborative work with multiinstrumentalist Eric Dolphy on the latter’s Out to Lunch (1964) and Iron Man (1963) and the duo’s classic interpretation of “Alone Together” (1963)
(Eric Dolphy Duo, “Alone together” [personnel: Dolphy, bass clarinet; Davis, double bass; recorded: Fuel Records, New York, US, {May?June?July?} 1963])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

In this April month of genocide remembrance and prevention, herewith Genocide in Africa – 1878-2016 timeline

As the milestones (below) show, the European World-conqueror/conquest state in Africa, right from the outset, in the wake of the notorious November 1884-February 1885 Berlin conference, is at once an occupying and genocide state. 

The lead conqueror-powers – Belgium, Germany, Britain and France, in that chronological order, would directly or indirectly (e.g., French military brigade based and operating in Rwanda, 1994) perpetrate genocide in which millions of constituent peoples in Africa are murdered in designated countries in eastcentral, south and southwestcentral regions of the continent they occupy or quasi-occupy during the course of 138 years (1878-2016). In the cases of Nigeria, Rwanda, the Sudan, and Democratic Republic of the Congo, beginning with Nigeria’s inaugural launch of the Igbo genocide on 29 May 1966, the African/African-Arabised-islamist “inheritors” of this conquest-genocide state (latter variant applicable especially to Nigeria and the Sudan), or the “boys” of their respective Europe-based suzerain “massas”, essentially take over as the primary-agent executors of genocide in contemporary Africa.

Haunting milestones

(1)  1878-1908: King Leopold II-led Belgian monarchy/state-organised genocide of constituent peoples in the Congo basin of central Africa (2,442,240 sq km landmass, 80 times the size of Belgium) – 13 million African constituent peoples murdered (see, especially, multiple research by historian and linguist Isidore Ndaywel è Nziem – particularly his Histoire générale du Congo: De l'héritage ancien à la République Démocratique [Paris: Duculot, 1998], p. 344)

(2)  1904-1907: German state-organised genocide of Herero people in Namibia – 65,000 out of 80,000 Herero murdered or 80 per cent of the total Herero population wiped out

(3)  1904-1907: German state-organised genocide of Nama people in Namibia – 10,000 Nama were murdered or 50 per cent of the Nama population destroyed

(4)  29 May 1966-12 January 1970 (phases I-III): Nigeria state-organised genocide of Igbo people, foundational genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa, supported, centrally, by Britain (diplomatically, politically, militarily) – 3.1 million Igbo or one-quarter of this nation’s population murdered, representing highest number in genocide fatality of a constituent nation or people in Africa during these past 138 years

(5)  13 January 1970-Present Day (phase-IV)Nigeria state-organised/Boko Haram/Fulani Militia genocide of Igbo people (the duo Nigeria genocidist state allies here, actively since early 2000s) – tens of thousands of Igbo murdered (Boko Haram is presently deadliest terrorist group in the world – has murdered more people in southwestcentral Africa than those murdered by ISIS in the Middle East, Europe and elsewhere, according to the New York’s Institute for Economics & Peace study, “Global Terror Index 2015”, November 2015; Fulani Militia, or so-called Fulani herdspeople as often tagged in the media in Nigeria, is also a subject of focus in this study)

(6)  1994Rwanda state-organised genocide of Tutsi people, with a French military brigade stationed in the country during the period implicated in the perpetration of this crime – 800,000 Tutsi murdered

(7)  Since mid-1990sDemocratic Republic of the Congo/contiguous states/proxy states-facilitated/organised genocide of African constituent peoples in the Democratic Republic of the Congo – 8 million constituent African peoples murdered

(8)  2003-2oo6: The Sudan state-organised genocide of Darfuri people – 300,000 Darfuri murdered

(9)  Since 2006: The Sudan state-organised genocide of African constituent peoples in the south of the country (Nuba Mountains, South Kordofan, Blue Nile) – tens of thousands of African constituent peoples murdered
(Multiinstrumentalist Eric Dolphy here plays “God bless the child” [composed by Billie Holiday & Arthur Herzog, Jr] [personnel: Dolphy, bass clarinet; recorded: live, University of Illinoi, Champaign, Illinoi,  10 March 1963]) 

Thursday, 14 April 2016

Thoughts – profoundly perceptive particularly in these times…

The conventional wisdom of the Tower of Babel story is that the collapse was a misfortune. That it was the distraction of the weight of many languages that precipitated the tower’s failed architecture. That one monolithic language would have expedited the building, and heaven would have been reached. Whose heaven, she wonders? And what kind? Perhaps the achievement of Paradise was premature, a little hasty if no one could take the time to understand other languages, other views, other narratives. Had they, the heaven they imagined might have been found at their feet. Complicated, demanding, yes, but a view of heaven as life; not heaven as post-life.
(Toni MorrisonThe Nobel Lecture in Literature, 1993)
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Wednesday, 13 April 2016

94th birthday of Julius Nyerere

(Born 13 April 1922, Butiama, Tanzania)
Mwalimu! Head of the Tanganyika African National Union, beginning 1954, which spearheads the restoration-of-independence movement in Tanzania that successfully frees the country in 1961 from 80 years of dual German and British conquests and occupations, president of the freed republic, October 1964-November 1985, provides rearguard bases for education, medical care  and training (in Tanzania) for numerous southern African restoration-of-independence movements especially from Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa (1960s-1990s), one of the very few leaders in Africa who unequivocally condemns Igbo genocide, 29 May 1966-12 January 1970, during which Britain and client state Nigeria murder 3.1 million Igbo people – the foundational genocide of post-(European)conquest Africa, plays key role in the 1978 termination of the Idi Amin Dada murderous regime in neighbouring Uganda
(Max Roach & Anthony Braxton, “Birth” [personnel: Roach, drums; Braxton, reeds; recorded: Ricordi Studios, Milan, Italy, 7 September 1978])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Tuesday, 12 April 2016

76th birthday of Herbie Hancock

(Born 12 April 1940, Chicago, US)
Child prodigy, very distinguished pianist, composer and bandleader, member of the Miles Davis Second Great Quintet of the 1960s (full personnel: Davis, trumpet; Wayne Shorter, tenor saxophone; Hancock, piano; Ron Carter, bass; Tony Williams, drums), academic (Thelonious Monk Institute/Herb Alpert School of Music, University of California Los Angeles)
(Herbie Hancock Quintet, “The eye of the hurricane” [personnel: Hancock, piano; Freddie Hubbard, trumpet; George Coleman, tenor saxophone; Ron Carter, bass; Tony Williams, drums; recorded: Van Gelder Studio, Englewoods Cliffs, NJ, US, 17 March 1965])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Saturday, 9 April 2016

87th birthday of Paule Marshall

(Born 9 April 1929, Brooklyn, New York, US)
Prolific award-winning novelist and academic
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

118th birthday of Paul Robeson

(Born 9 April 1898, Princeton, US)
Renowned actor, lawyer, internationalist, freedom exponent
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe

Thursday, 7 April 2016

101st birthday of Billie Holiday

(Born 7 April 1915, Philadelphia, US)
“Lady Day”! One of the most outstanding singers of the 20th century with a unique voice, “uncoverable”, a critic intones, and composer/co-composer of especially the following classics: “Lady sings the blues”, “God bless the child”, “Fine and mellow”
(Billie Holiday & Orchestra, “God bless the child” [personnel: Holiday, vocals; rest of personnel/recording date/other details unavailable])
Twitter @HerbertEkweEkwe